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如何選購二胡,怎樣買二胡?

發布日期:2017-02-03

龍韻制作二胡所用的木材有很多種,通常所用的有非洲紫檀木、黑檀木、酸枝木、老紅木、新紅木、烏木、白雜木等。其中最貴重的是印度小葉紫檀木。其生長緩慢,材質堅實,硬度大,韌性強,結構細致,紋理均勻,耐腐性強;產量極少,樹干多彎曲,十檀九空,取材很少。心材鮮紅或橘紅色,久露空氣后變紫紅褐色;材色較均勻,常見紫褐色,至少八百年成材,生長年輪不明顯。小葉紫檀因其珍貴而被稱為“木中之金”,是制作二胡的珍貴材料。用印度小葉紫檀制作的二胡,高貴氣派,典雅莊重;音質沉穩堅實,穿透力強,音色純凈華麗。

新紅木是一類木材的統稱,里面可能也有做二胡的老紅木吧。其他的木種,很難做出好二胡來,就不多講了。

黑檀木學名蘇拉威西烏木,是印尼國寶木,生長在印尼赤道旁的蘇拉威西石頭島上,成材緩慢,需數百年以上。入水即沉,木材結構極致密,材質硬重且均勻,木材黑色夾有灰褐至淺紅的淺色條紋,耐磨及干燥后不變形,含油脂具金屬般光澤,是著名的珍貴家具,高檔裝修,工藝雕 刻及樂器用材,印尼黑檀木,印度紫檀木、海南黃花梨木,三者被公認為所有紅木之首,極具收藏價值。

黑檀所制二胡,莊重華貴,透射出濃厚的現代 氣息。音色亮而不燥,柔而不矯,反應機敏,表現力強。

老紅木產于中南半島,我國云南一帶也有生長,其葉長橢圓形、白花、花呈五瓣形,色紅。“木質之佳,除紫檀外,當以紅木為最”。純正老紅木為褐色、棕色、咖啡色,清晰富于變化的紋理和細密的結構是同類紅酸枝木無法與之比較的。老紅木所制二胡,幾乎包含了所有二胡的優良品質。優雅的色調,紋理清晰極具美感,手感如溫玉。音質醇美、恬靜,圓潤、清亮,如酒如水。高低音均衡一致。單就二胡品性而言,老紅木二胡絕對不輸給紫檀木二胡。有一點需要解釋,老紅木和新紅木不是一種木材,不能理解為新紅木多放幾年就變成老紅木了。

蒙皮:二胡都是用蟒蛇皮蒙制的,它的質量好壞也是至關重要。制作高檔二胡,選用健康中年蟒蛇,靠近肛門部位的背脊皮為最佳。該部位結構細密、勻稱、韌性好、強度大,有利于蟒皮加工和高張力蒙制。蟒皮鱗花并非越大越好,其鱗花最大的部位在腹部,是最差被摒棄的部位。鑒別方法是,鱗花立體感強,光滑油亮,指按有彈性,要緊不要松,無腐臭味。

弓子:以白馬尾和灰白馬尾為上品,弓桿長度在85公分左右,細直彈性好,節少無疤。弓毛應上滿松香,但也不宜過多。

琴 碼:有松節碼,紅木碼、檀木碼,復合碼等。別看琴碼小,作用很重要。一把二胡的音色好壞,反應速度快慢,都與它有很大的關系。相對于所用二胡不同的木料、蒙皮的松緊、環境溫濕度、二胡的年齡、甚至不同的曲目,其材質,外形、底面積大小、琴碼高低、上橫面長短、坡形、坡度都有不同的要求。應多備幾只,試用揣 摩調整,使其達到最佳狀態。

墊布:又叫制音墊,對于二胡音色的除噪濾雜、消尖溫潤也是很重要的一個部件。不要選擇質地較硬的無紡布之類的材料,最好使用毛呢材料。

外 觀:具體的工藝指標就不贅述了,橫平豎直,琴桿略后傾。無開膠,無裂紋,無木材管孔,各部位木材花紋色澤基本一致。高檔二胡都不用油漆。琴筒比例均勻,曲線協調優美,琴軸配合緊密,不跑弦好上弦。現在琴筒有六角、八角、圓形、橢圓好多種外形。二

靈敏度:無論輕重緩急,都能夠及時準確反映;演奏各種曲目,都能得心應手的。

音質:最好請專業人士拉琴聽試挑選,因人而異。

手感:如溫玉,似拂水。爽滑通暢,不滯不澀。

價格:現在印度小葉紫檀木,已經接近天價,極度稀缺,其它木料也是水漲船高。非洲紫檀二胡一般在三千元以上,而純正老紅木二胡價格已經在五千以上了。

售后服務:能和廠家直接聯系,及時獲得制作師的技術援助,是十分重要的。這服務質量好壞,有時候比材料都重要。龍韻二胡承諾提供三年包退換,終身維護服務,給顧客盡可能的保障。

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? 2006~2020 龍韻二胡官網 | 江西九江龍韻二胡廠版權所有 | 贛ICP備15012806號-1 | 贛公網安備贛公網安備 36040302000129號

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